Monograph articulating an original interpretation of existentialism as the ethical theory that human freedom is the foundation of all other values. Through original analyses of classic literary and philosophical works published by Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, and Frantz Fanon up until 1952, this conception of existentialism is developed in critical contrast with central works by Albert Camus, Sigmund Freud, and Maurice Merleau-Ponty.
The book argues that Beauvoir and Sartre initially disagreed over the structure of human freedom in 1943 but Sartre came to accept Beauvoir’s view by 1952. It further argues that Beauvoir provides a more significant argument for authenticity than either Sartre or Fanon. It articulates in detail the theories of individual character and the social identities of gender and race uncovered by this conception of existentialism. The book concludes by sketching some implications of this analysis of existentialism for philosophy, psychology, and psychotherapy.
ISBN: 9780198735908 (hbk). Oxford University Press, 2018.
Buy buy buy: Blackwell (UK).
From Personality to Virtue: Essays on the Philosophy of Character
Co-edited with Alberto Masala.
The idea that people have persisting character traits that explain their behaviour is woven throughout the fabric of our culture. These philosophical essays clarify this idea of character and analyse its relation with the findings of experimental psychology.
They bring together a range of issues in contemporary philosophy, including the nature of agency, the modelling of behavioural cognition, ethical implications of personal necessity, moral responsibility for implicit bias, the prospects for character education, and the nature of rightful criminal punishment.
The volume is intended to demonstrate the deep conceptual affinity of moral philosophy and social psychology.
Chapters are written by Jonathan Jacobs, Katrina Sifferd, Roman Altshuler, Katharina Bauer, Jules Holroyd and Dan Kelly, Jonathan Webber, Christian Miller, Mark Alfano, Nafsika Athanassoulis, and Alberto Masala.
Reading Sartre: on Phenomenology and Existentialism
Collection of fourteen original papers on Sartre's philosophical writings up to 1950. Each chapter is both exegetical and critical. Together, they cover the full range of Sartre's early thought and present an assessment of its relevance to a variety of current debates.
The papers analyse Sartre's theories of authenticity, bad faith, embodiment, emotions, ethnicity, freedom, imagination, other people, perception, and self-awareness. In the process, these chapters also consider the distinctive features of Sartre's philosophical writing in this phase of his career.
Chapters are by Christine Daigle, Andreas Elipdorou, Matthew Eshleman, Sebastian Gardner, Azzedine Haddour, Anthony Hatzimoysis, Robert Hopkins, Andrew Leak, Katherine Morris, Sarah Richmond, Alan Thomas, Jonathan Webber, Kenneth Williford, and Dan Zahavi.
The Existentialism of Jean-Paul Sartre
Monograph arguing for an original interpretation of Sartrean existentialism as the elaboration of one basic idea, that a person's character consists in the projects they pursue. The book unpacks Sartre's notion of a project and details its role in his accounts of character, freedom, bad faith, and interpersonal relations. Sartrean existentialism is argued to be a form of virtue ethics with important contributions to make to current debates in metaethics and moral psychology.
"The Existentialism of Jean-Paul Sartre, which confronts an impressive number of the major interpreters of Sartre, is an extremely valuable scholarly contribution to that study ... Webber does a better job of clarifying Sartre's ambiguous statements about the many varieties of bad faith (and good faith and sincerity) than anyone I have read" – Thomas C. Anderson, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews Read the full review.
The Imaginary: A Phenomenological Psychology of the Imagination
Arguably the finest treatment of the nature of imagination in Western philosophical literature, Sartre's early book The Imaginary is his most careful and detailed work of phenomenological psychology and an excellent introduction to his understanding of consciousness.
My translation is accompanied by my philosophical introduction, notes on the translation, and full index, along with an historical introduction by Sartre's adopted daughter and literary executor, Arlette Elkaïm-Sartre.
It is also the only English translation currently in print.
ISBN: 978-1138834484 (hbk); 978-0415287555 (pbk). Routledge, 2004. <preview in Google Book Search>
Buy buy buy: Abe Books UK; Abe Books USA; Barnes & Noble (USA); Blackwell (UK).